DISASTER CONSTRUCT AS A NEXUS BETWEEN SOCIAL AND NATURAL PHENOMENA: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW OF LITERATURE
There is increasing awareness in disaster research about the diverse ways in which disasters affect humanity. The impact of disaster stretches from individuals and households to nation-states. Most disaster discourses focus on the impact, mitigation, management, preparedness and response, but neglecting the issues surrounding the social and natural causes of disaster and their interrelationship. Using content analysis from previous studies, we review some of the discussions on disaster construction as a social or natural phenomenon. The review showed that issues about disaster construction largely centre on natural, social or human and technological factors. It is concluded that the issues triggering the construction of disasters are central to disaster preparedness and mitigation, as they lay the platform upon which decisions are made regarding which policy to put in place to prevent, mitigate or prepare for disasters.
Keywords: Disaster, Literature Review, Management, Natural Phenomenon, Social Phenomenon, Mitigation
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